Communities in Kosovo

Communities in Kosovo

The Republic of Kosovo has a population of around 1.8 million inhabitants. The majority of these inhabitants are ethnic Albanian (around 87%), while the Serb population makes up about 8%, equally divided between southern and northern Kosovo. The remaining 5% of the population is made up of other communities, including Turkish, Bosniak, Gorani, Roma, Ashkali, Egyptian, Croat and Montenegrin communities.

The term ‘community’ operates on two levels in Kosovo. In the first place, it has the standard meaning of a group of people who share common characteristics, for example, ethnicity, language or religion. In this sense it can be used to refer to all groups in Kosovo, regardless of whether they are in the numerical minority or majority in a given area. However, it is also used to refer to Kosovo’s minority groups, which includes members of the majority (Albanian) community who are in a minority in a given municipality.

Community profiles

This section will examine each of the communities in Kosovo providing information on their geographical distribution across the country, their culture and religion, and the particular problems they face in relation to access to education, language rights, municipal political representation, etc.

Click on the profiles below to learn more about the different communities in Kosovo:

Albanian community

Serb community

Bosniak community

Roma community

Ashkali community

Egyptian community

Turkish community

Gorani community

Montenegrin community

Croat community

The community profiles presented above are part of our publication Communities in Kosovo: A guidebook for professionals working with communities in Kosovo. The data used in the guidebook originate from the 2011 official Kosovo census, complemented with statistics of the OSCE (2013 OSCE Municipal Profiles and 2010 OSCE Community Profiles).